Flies, a common problem around manures and other organic wastes, are much less of a problem with composts. Vermi-beds for Vermicomposting Production: Make sure to have vermi-beds with 0.3 to 0.6 meter height depending on the provision for drainage of excess water. Keeping a bin is balance is critical. This susceptibility to disease led to a new industry of providing more chemicals in the form of herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and the spraying of deadly toxins on our food supply and the cost of production to increase. worm castings are a great natural fertilizer for lawns. However, vermicomposting does not kill pathogens. You need to know that you will have to remove the worm castings every so often to keep your bin in balance. In Argentina, farmers who use vermicompost consider it to be seven (7) times richer than conventional composts in nutrients and growth promoting values. Vermicompost has much finer structure than the traditional compost, and its nutrients are readily available for your plant’s uptake. Accelerates Germination – Your seeds sprout more quickly and the sprouts are healthier. Scientists involved in the study concluded that chemical compounds in the vermicompost could have contributed to the growth of the green beans. These plant growth regulators are mainly involved in the differentiation and growth of cells. Nitrogen is necessary for the development and growth of plants. Vermicomposting can also help to reduce the amount of … A worm bin can be kept indoors where adding kitchen waste is handy. Vermicompost vs. traditional compost: Which one is better? Traditional composting containers can be any depth. Read Worms at Work: Harnessing the Awesome Power of Worms with Vermiculture and Vermicomposting (link to Amazon). I’ve been doing both and have learned a lot. This video highlights how to not overthink it: While vermicomposting offers substantial benefits, it comes with its own set of disadvantages. It is a joyous time of the year for gardeners. The worms will move to the bottom of the bin as they are light-sensitive. Let the bedding absorb as much water as it can and then squeeze the water out from it. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. 2 More and more worms Additionally, worm castings improve the soil structure and are high in humic acids. Vermicompost has excellent biological and chemical properties and is enriched with plant growth regulators that are lacking in traditional composts. The death of soil microbiology impaired the power of ‘biological resistance’ in crops making them more susceptible to pests and diseases. -Niraj Kumar Payal Gunaki 2. Plants use nitrogen to synthesize proteins, amino acids, and DNA. Also, the resulting organic fertilizer from worms is different than from hot composting. For example, if you live in an apartment and don’t have a yard to start a … As the 21st century rolled around many of the “pest” organisms began to develop immunity to the poisons leading to research into genetic modification to use even more deadly poisons or provide pest resistance to crops. Letâs compare the two. Advantages of Vermicompost. Vermicompost is a renewable and environmentally friendly resource. Thatâs because the worms eat your waste and turn it into compost in the form of worm castings. One acre of land can contain up to 3 million earthworms; the activities of which can bring up to 8-10 tons of ‘top soil’ to the surface (in the form of worm casting) every year. Vermicomposting supports supplemental income as it does not require farmers to spend fortunes of fertilizers from the market. On the other hand, you can do vermicomposting both indoors as well as outdoors. I’m going to do my best to compare and contrast the two that you really have the information on how these two approaches to composting stack up against each other. Thus, any time spent looking after dead, decaying matter is time you can not spend looking after living plants. The excretions (worm casts) will be a sizable volume in three to four months. Vermicomposting may be more expensive than a traditional compost pile. Learn all about vermicomposting. There’s a strong impact on the environment by recycling; vermicomposting is recycling material that often currently goes to the garbage. Vermicomposting: Composting with worms is a necessarily cooler process with temperatures ranging between 50-90°F. 2. On the other hand, conventional composting requires that you have sufficient space outside to put a composting container. Learn the 8 best places to keep a worm bin, Shredded paper such as computer paper and newspaper. Wondering why red worms? Advantages of Composting. by Edwina Shannon. You can reduce the cost with a DIY worm bin but there is still a cost there so, in fairness, vermicomposting costs more, at least to get started. You can add these red wigglers to your compost bin by scattering them over the top. However, itâs important to remember that temperatures above 65Â°C destroy many microorganisms and reduce the decomposition rate. Vermicomposting involves great reduction in populations of pathogenic microorganisms, thus not differing from composting from this point of view. With all the benefits of earthworms and vermicast to our food production, environment and our health, using them at home to reduce our waste and fertilize our gardens becomes a “no brainer”. Learn why worm castings are a great fertilizer for your lawn! In the process of traditional composting, microbes and bacteria decompose waste and generate humus, heat, water, and carbon dioxide gas (source). ADVANTAGES OF COMPOST It promotes the growth of plants and roots: it has been shown that plants planted in a growth medium containing compost are stronger and have a better yield. Auxins are present in root and shoot tips and promote root and stem growth and cell division. The type of bin, location of the bin, setup, and day-to-day feedings are not the same. They excrete beneficial soil microbes, and secrete polysaccharides, proteins and other nitrogenous compounds into the soil. One pound of worms can easily handle a half of a pound of waste. Advantages of Vermicompost on Plant Growth Let’s address these benefits individually because it is important for you and your organic garden. A reduction of harmful microorganisms occurs faster in hot conditions. Conventional compost piles can be started with almost no investment. It is also a great way to get rid of kitchen waste, yard clippings, leaves, and other materials that you normally need to sweep up and throw out of your yard or garden. And, vermicompost does not need curing. One of the most significant advantages of vermicomposting is that it has more nutrients than traditional composting. Have a look at our top picks for worm bins! Many vermicomposting enthusiasts know about a technique to break down organic waste to produce fertilizer without using worms: hot composting. Worm activity can increase air-soil volume from 8-30% and provide disease and pest resistance. Additionally, you should not use insecticides around your bin. You may be thinking this is common sense, but I’ve seen people do some weird things with their bins so it’s worth mentioning. And remember to fill 2/3 of your bin with prepared bedding irrespective of the size. See our list of recommended worm bins to find the best solution for you. The maturation phase happens once the red worms move to the top layers of undigested organic waste. Compost not only adds organic matter to the soil but also trace elements such as iron, manganese, copper, zinc and boron, which are necessary for plant growth. Although both produce organic fertilizer, there are many differences. In addition, many weed seeds and disease-causing organisms may be killed by the high temperatures in the pile. I’ve found that both serve their purpose. Vermicomposting vs Traditional Composting. The vegetables are in the ground. worms image by Adrian Hillman from Fotolia.com. It requires minimal maintenance compared to dry systems and has significant environmental advantages over conventional septic tanks. Lastly, vermicomposting can be both outdoors and indoors, whereas traditional composting can be outdoors only. Shallow bins because the redworms feed in the upper layer using a sieve or hands planted a spring are... 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